Ranking of world universities is an annual publication ranking of universities from around the world based on data collection from reliable sources. There are several types/versions of ranking available, and the best known and often referred to are QS World University Rankings, Time Higher Education World University Rankings and Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) - commonly known as Shanghai Ranking.
QS World University Rankings (QSWUR) is the most widely read international ranking and is the only ranking that has received approval from the IREG (International Ranking Expert Group).
QSWUR assesses universities based on six indicators with different weights including: academic reputation (40 percent), graduate reputation (10 percent), student-to-faculty ratio (20 percent), number of research citations per faculty (20 percent), proportion of international faculties (5 percent) and the proportion of international students (5 percent).
In this 2020 edition, QSWUR publishes the 1000 best universities in the world from 4700 institutions that they have rated. This mid-June, QSWUR has released its rating. The following are the 10 best universities in the world version of QSWUR 2020.
10. University of Chicago
The university, located in Chicago, Illinois, US, has indeed dropped its position this year, however, this institution remains in the top 10 best universities in the world. The most supporting indicator of this achievement is his academic reputation.
9. Imperial College London
Located in London, UK, ICL has also dropped one notch this year. Thanks to the satisfying graduate reputation indicators make it worthy of being ranked 9th of the best universities/institutions in the world.
8. UCL (University College London)
The university, located in London, UK, has increased two levels this year. The name of this institution continues to change from London University (1826-1836), University College, London (1836-1907), University of London (1907-1976) to become University College London from 1977 until now. UCL was ranked 8th thanks to a high score on its academic reputation.
7. University of Cambridge
The university, which has existed since 1209, is located in Cambridge, UK, has also been downgraded, however, this institution still exists in the top 10 universities. This position can be obtained because the academic reputation and graduates are amazing
6. ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)
Located in Zurich, Switzerland, this institution is also the 2nd best in Europe. The indicator that makes it skyrocketed in the 6th position is an indicator of the number of research citations per faculty.
5. California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
The institution that excels in the field of natural sciences and engineering is located in Pasadena, California, US. Ranked as the 5th best university in the world thanks to the faculty ratio and the number of research citations per faculty.
4. University of Oxford
The oldest and best university in the UK is located in Oxford, UK. Besides this, the university also ranks best in Europe because of its high academic and graduate reputation.
3. Harvard University
Harvard holds the 3rd place this year. The University included in the Ivy League group is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, US.
2. Stanford University
Maudy Ayunda University of choice. Located close to Silicon Valley in Stanford, California, the US has been around since 1891. Thanks to its academic reputation, Stanford has the right to win the position as the 2nd best university in the world.
1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Here comes the legend! MIT managed to become the best university (educational institution) in the world for 8 years in a row according to QSWUR. The indicators that make it number 1 are academic reputation, graduates, and number of citations per faculty. It is located not far from Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, US.